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Cyberattacks on Online Video Platforms and Ways to Prevent Them 14 December 2022

Cyberattacks on Online Video Platforms

 

Video streaming services are the new playground for Cybercriminals, and potentially is the most lucrative target to launch cyberattacks and steal not just end user data like personally identifiable information (PII), credit card and financial info, but also – the videos (movies / TV Shows etc) as well hosted on these platforms by the business owners.

In the first quarter of 2020, surprisingly 100 million attempts were made by the hackers to gain access to video streaming services and steal subscribers personal identifiable information. According to Verizone’s Data Breach Investigation Report, there are more than 5,250 confirmed breaches and over 50% of security breaches hit the web applications in the year 2022. Out of these cyber breaches, 82% of breaches involved the human element, that means the attackers stole human personal data and misused them. 

Hackers get to collect data from millions of subscribers such as their names, emails, and payment details as well as steal the video content present in the content library, Thus impacting both the end user / subscribers and streaming platforms.

In 2022, it was reported that just after a few hours of Disney + being launched, thousands of users’ accounts were hacked and their passwords as well as emails were compromised. Similarly back in 2017, for HBO during its Game of Thrones peak – several episodes were leaked online and put on piracy sites, leading to HBO suffering losses. 

For Cyberattackers, video streaming platforms are a lucrative market, they know that if they are able to breach these platform, they will get 

  1. PII information of the users 
  2. Payment and Credit Card information 
  3. Video files which themselves hold immense value

Thus, it’s a 3-way win for them and this has led to an increase in attacks on video platforms over the past few years. 

Cyber criminals are increasingly attacking online video streaming platforms to steal personal information as well as video contents present in the library. The surge in video subscription has led to an increase in the number of cyberattacks. The global cyberattacks are increased by 28% in the third quarter of 2022 as compared to the period in 2021. Average weekly attacks per streaming businesses have reached over 1130. 

 

Cyberattacks on online video platforms

 

Some famous Cyber Attacks on Video Streaming Platforms 

 
CAM4 and It’s Personal Identifiable Information Leak

CAM4 is an adult live-streaming website that faced a cyberattack in March 2020 that revealed 10.8 billion sensitive entries accumulating to 7TB of data and leaked database encompassed location details, email addresses, IP addresses, payment logs, usernames, and many more!

 
Disney + and It’s User Account Hack on Launch Day 

According to the report, on the very first day of Disney + being launched, users started reporting on their respective social media accounts that they were having technical issues and were locked out of their Disney + accounts. Numerous subscribers were unable to access their accounts at all and some of them observed their private information being charged. 

Experts have assumed that hackers have received a database of passwords and usernames from a security breach and have used the same to attack on Disney + platform. This process of cyberhacking is usually known as credential stuffing and it works when hackers steal a list of data having the same username and password across several platforms and devices.

 
HBO and its infamous Game of Thrones leak 

HBO has suffered a leak of Game of Thrones episodes online before its premier. Several episodes were leaked online and put on piracy sites, leading to HBO suffering losses. According to a report, the broadcasters accidentally aired the episodes of Game of Thrones before its premier. After several hours of the leak, a spokesperson for HBO said that a third-party vendor was liable for the error and they were removed as soon as it was observed. Recorded copies of the footage were rapidly distributed online. 

 
Spotify Credential Stuffing Attack

According to a report, towards the end of 2020 cybercriminals have hacked Spotify and accessed 350,000 users’ accounts to steal their personal information. As mentioned above, credential stuffing attacks become successful when people use the same login credentials for several platforms. Here, the hackers become successful because they use the same data that they already had from a previous hack. Experts reported that the stolen data was used to power a streaming service and artificially expand the songbacks of certain artists. 

 
Amazon’s Server Leak Incident

The server was accessible to several hackers on the internet due to lack of password protection. The server contained Prime Video viewing habits and the exposed data leaked 215 million records of pseudonymized viewing data. The stolen data included: 

  • The name of movie of show being streamed 
  • The device used for streaming of the content 
  • Internal data like subscription information and network quality 

It was a huge example of drawbacks and risks included in an internet-facing server when left without password protection.  

 

How to Prevent Cyberattacks and Content Piracy with Muvi?

Muvi has multi-layered security architecture that is geared to not only protect the content, but the user data and payment information as well. 

 

Server Level Security & Multi-level Firewall

Server Level Security and Multi-level firewall safeguards your viewer’s as well as your devices from cyber attackers by filtering out dangerous network traffic. It also prevents harmful malware from gaining access to devices or networks through the internet. We at Muvi, ensure high-level security of your data with server level security and multi-level firewall. We also conduct frequent tests such as Penetration testing and Security audits to prevent your platform from cyber hacking. We also take regular backup and implement Disaster Recovery (DR) protocol to make sure data is stored securely.

 

PCI Compliance

PCI compliance helps prevent data breaches and build trust with your viewers. Muvi helps you launch PCI compliant platforms with secured connection for online payments as well as transactions. We monitor your platform 24×7 and keep a check on online threats for your content and platform. We keep updating our PCI security standards and guidelines that govern data security across a wide range of online payments. 


Geo-Blocking & VPN Detection

Geo-blocking helps platforms and websites restrict access to the content and services (primarily videos, shows, movies or music) based on location. VPN detection helps bypass geo-blocking as well as provide safety through anonymity. With GeoIP intelligence, Muvi restricts user access through any third-party VPN services that intend to bypass geo-blocks. This offers an additional layer of security to streaming apps and websites that want to restrict content access to particular geographical regions.


ISO Certification

ISO certification helps identify risks and prevent problems from reoccuring. It helps improve your control over the business and deliver consistent quality to your viewers. Muvi adheres to the ISO 27001 standard in operation security to prevent information breaches. 

 

GDPR Compliance

GDPR compliance helps businesses and organizations efficiently manage their personal data and reduce the risk of data breaches, and improve interactions with customers. A GDPR compliant framework will undoubtedly improve data security and prevent cyberattacks more effectively. We at Muvi, enable GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) compliance by prioritizing GDPR’s data privacy, security and governance principles.

 

FISMA Compliance

FISMA (Federal Information Security Management Act) is a set of data protection criteria and standards that significantly enhance data protection and provides and offers the required programs to support recovery of critical data in unforeseen incidents. Muvi is FISMA compliant and offers the highest level of data security to both you and your viewers information.  

 

Muvi transfers all the payment information to the Payment Gateways securely and does not store anything on its own infrastructure. All the payment gateways are PCI compliant and provide the highest level of security to customer’s credit card and payment information. 

Muvi rides on top of AWS and hence follows security policy and compliance of AWS as well.  

Once user data and payment information is secured, Muvi moves on to protect the video content, and similarly it has multiple checks in place for the same: 

 

DRM

DRM is the tool that encrypts as well as protects copyrighted digital media assets from any kind of unauthorized access and usage. The multi-DRM solution offers license management features for multiple formats like Widevine, PlayReady, and FairPlay as well as allows you to deliver content securely on the browser.

Muvi’s multi-DRM feature safeguards your video and audio content on your video streaming platform against illegal usage as well as downloads. It helps you to provide secure streaming services to your end-users. It also allows you to set up the license, playback, and rental duration for your video or audio content on your video streaming platform. DRM provides security features such as:

 
Forensic Watermarking

Forensic Watermarking is a security aspect that is designed to prevent the leaking of video assets throughout several lifecycles. It is typically the process of embedding an imperceptible marking into a piece of content. It helps identify the ownership, copyright, and authenticity of a given piece of video content. It is normally considered one of the safest methods of protecting contents from theft as well as unauthorized access.

Muvi allows you to utilize cloud-based packaging services as well as apply forensic watermarking to your video or audio content. It is easy and quick to embed since it is pre-integrated with AWS CloudFront. The insertion of invisible dynamic watermarks allows you to detect and track the unauthorized distribution of content and cyberattacks like re-encoding, filtering, cropping, and camcording.

 
Visible Watermarking

Visible watermarks are multimedia objects that are embedded into a video file. They are perceptible to a human observer and help prevent content piracy. A visible watermark on your video content safeguards your video assets online by letting end-users know that the original owner or creator is your company. It indicates the validity of a video asset and protects against theft.

Muvi allows you to insert visible watermarks to recognize the user in case of piracy or content leakage. It also allows you to insert end-user information as an overlay on the content playback. It allows you to adjust display frequency and transparency to minimize user inconvenience.

 
Secure Content Storage

Secure data storage is vital for businesses that deal with sensitive data, both for avoiding data theft and ensuring uninterrupted operations. Our Multi-DRM extends security to content stored on your OTT platform. You can store video or audio content on your video streaming platform without compromising the streaming quality.

 
Offline Streaming Protection

Offline streaming protection ensures both secure offline streaming and playback on the user’s own video devices. Muvi’s multi-DRM ensures that your video content is protected at the time of downloading and offline streaming. You just need to enable content-specific unique Keys and License Keys, your content stays protected offline even after downloading.

 
Prevention against screen recording

Multi-DRM encryption provides the highest content security and prevents your content from being screen recorded. It prevents screen recording within the client device. Our multi-DRM feature lets you do the same. It prevents anyone from screen recording or taking screenshots of the playback. Even if the screen is being recorded with the application of any third-party software, the recording will appear blank.

Muvi defends your website and application against several types of security threats and safeguards you, your content,  as well as your end-user data from various cyberattacks, piracy and hackers with the intention to destroy your platform.

 

Conclusion

Security is the primary aspect of any online business and it should be given the highest attention to prevent data theft and cybercrimes. No matter what type of content you stream or what kind of business you run, ensure having top stack security features integrated into your platform.

If you are planning to have your own secured video streaming platform, consider scheduling a free demo so that we can help you with all the essential features to make your platform run successfully.

 

Cyberattacks on Online Video Platforms

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Ankit Jena
Ankit is Content Writer for Muvi’s Marketing unit. He is a passionate writer with 3+ Years of Experience in Content Creation And Development. In his past time, he likes to dance, play football and google various things to quench his thirst for knowledge.

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